Sanctuary Ecosystem Assessment Surveys

orca whale

Sanctuary Ecosystem Assessment Surveys (SEA Surveys) is a compilation of GFNMS monitoring programs that provide the biological observations and habitat characterization for the Greater Farallones region. SEA Surveys include several long-term, established monitoring programs such as Beach Watch, Applied California Current Ecosystem Assessment Surveys (ACCESS), Rocky Intertidal Monitoring, and Marine Debris Monitoring programs. SEA Surveys will also include future monitoring and exploration programs such as investigating the suitability of sanctuary expansion to Pioneer Seamount, invasive species detection and mapping, kelp forest monitoring, benthic monitoring for ocean acidification, effectiveness of management on bottom gear restrictions, restoration and monitoring, estuarine habitat monitoring stations, and water quality monitoring stations.